The researchers hoped to learn whether people with lupus kidney involvement from different races shared the same set of microRNAs.
Current treatments for lupus nephritis in children are toxic and sometimes ineffective. New tests for proteins that might be abnormal in lupus nephritis could help make the diagnosis earlier and might also point to new ways of treating the disease.
Neuropsychiatric lupus (NPSLE) is difficult to diagnose and can be present when disease activity in other organs cannot be identified. The researchers hoped to learn whether antibodies to ganglioside M1 could predict childhood NPSLE any better than standard laboratory measures currently in use.
The researchers hoped to learn whether antibodies to cholesterol regulators are associated with disease activity or heart disease in people with lupus.
The researchers hoped to accurately determine the frequency and outcome of neuropsychiatric lupus, as well as its impacts on quality of life.
The researchers hoped to determine the specific effects of active lupus-related kidney disease on pregnancy outcomes, as well as complications that might occur in the mothers or babies.
The researchers hoped to learn whether measurement of C3d and C4d would be a more accurate way to test for lupus disease activity when measured while attached to a red blood cell than when they are freely circulating in the blood.
The researchers hoped to learn what factors have an impact on how much time it takes for a lupus patient to develop skin damage.